T:WTF 022 – Are you spending too much money for increased capacity

Welcome to this series on the Theory of Constraints (TOC) with Ashton Fourie. It’s a 9 part series that looks how the Theory of constraints can help you grow your business.


Spending Money Wisley

This is the fourth installment where we about money and how to focus where you spend your money with the goal of making more money. And we all need that right?

In order to focus proper constraint, management gives us a five-step process that we should be cycling through over and over again. And in that five-step process, spending money is not the first, but the last thing we do to our current constraint!

Here are the five steps – which we covered in episode 2, where Ashton breaks down why spending money is part of step 5:

  1. Identify your constraint
  2. Exploit and protect your constraint.
  3. Subordinate everything else to the above decision.
  4. Elevate the constraint.
  5. Don’t let inertia become your growth constraint.

Business Relearnt – Learn To Unlearn, Relearn.

Fast constant change demands that we keep looking at how we do things and to keep learning new ways to solve our customer’s problems. What business relearnt series provides you with approaches and methodologies to help you do that.

The Full Business Relearnt TOC Series – Broken Down?

TOC offers you many opportunities to look at doing things in a different way. Ashton breaks down how you can do this in this series. Here are the topics around the theory of constraints that we will cover:

  1. Why you cannot ignore TOC
  2. The surprising inverse relationship between the number of improvements and actual improvement
  3. Are you spending too much money for increased capacity
  4. The costly mistake of elevating your constraint first
  5. Design for Delegation – Three levels of work
  6. Planning too much is planning to fail
  7. You don’t want project management – You just want to get your projects done!
  8. Theory of Constraints and Employee Engagement
  9. Turning the layers of resistance into moments of agreement

Who Is Ashton Fourie:

Ashton is a proven growth strategist and looks at building sustained success in tough economic climates.

He is the CEO of 5-2-50 (pronounced Five To Fifty). This is a South African based company with a vision to eradicate poverty through ensuring that there is a good job available to every woman and man on earth who is able and willing to work.

5-2-50 help’s their clients formulate a clear vision and strategy to grow up to ten times in size in a period of no more than five years. Their toolset is a combination of Theory of Constraints, Lean and Agile interventions, combined with their strategic management methodology that has been tested in the local and international market.

You can find Ashton on Linkedin and Twitter

T:WTF 021 – Growing Your Business Where It Really Matters

Welcome to this series on the Theory of Constraints (TOC) with Ashton Fourie. It’s a 9 part series that looks how the Theory of constraints can help you grow your business.

This is the second installment where we chat about improvements that really matter!


New Improvement That Really matters

As Ashton points in this podcast, there is a bit of a contradiction with improvements. We look at why there is an inverse relationship between the number of improvements and actual improvement

Common wisdom says that we will get a large result when we make many small improvements. Through Ashton’s experience with Theory of Constraints we see the opposite is true, where
It’s difficult to predict real bottom line success

  • People getting change weary – you will know this if you have gone through it.
  • It gets expensive. The cost of the many changes impacts exponentially – both financially and emotionally
  • The results of the improvements were unpredictable and didn’t even add up.

Why The Traditional Approach Does Not Work!

Ashton goes on to explain that traditional approach does not work. Here is why:

  • Organisations are complex
  • Everything is connected. When you push one thing, it will pull elsewhere. The moment you start moving one thing, everything else is impacted.
  • When multiple people start moving things, things move in unpredictable directions.
  • Every change requires predictable resources – time, money and energy. This unpredictability cost of time, money and energy when driven by the chaos factor.
  • Multiple simultaneous changes exponentially increase the complexity and chaos in your business.

To solve this, Ashton provides five steps to help focus things:

  1. Identify your constraint
  2. Exploit and protect your constraint.
  3. Subordinate everything else to the above decision.
  4. Elevate the constraint.
  5. Don’t let inertia become your growth constraint.

Business Relearnt – Learn To Unlearn, Relearn.

Fast constant change demands that we keep looking at how we do things and to keep learning new ways to solve our customer’s problems. What business relearnt series provides you with approaches and methodologies to help you do that.

The Full Business Relearnt TOC Series – Broken Down?

TOC offers you many opportunities to look at doing things in a different way. Ashton breaks down how you can do this in this series. Here are the topics around the theory of constraints that we will cover:

  1. Why you cannot ignore TOC
  2. The surprising inverse relationship between the number of improvements and actual improvement
  3. Are you spending too much money for increased capacity
  4. The costly mistake of elevating your constraint first
  5. Design for Delegation – Three levels of work
  6. Planning too much is planning to fail
  7. You don’t want project management – You just want to get your projects done!
  8. Theory of Constraints and Employee Engagement
  9. Turning the layers of resistance into moments of agreement

Who Is Ashton Fourie:

Ashton is a proven growth strategist and looks at building sustained success in tough economic climates.

He is the CEO of 5-2-50 (pronounced Five To Fifty). This is a South African based company with a vision to eradicate poverty through ensuring that there is a good job available to every woman and man on earth who is able and willing to work.

5-2-50 help’s their clients formulate a clear vision and strategy to grow up to ten times in size in a period of no more than five years. Their toolset is a combination of Theory of Constraints, Lean and Agile interventions, combined with their strategic management methodology that has been tested in the local and international market.

You can find Ashton on Linkedin and Twitter

T:WTF 020 – Why you cannot ignore TOC

Welcome to this series on the Theory of Constraints (TOC) with Ashton Fourie. It’s a 9 part series that looks how the Theory of constraints can help you grow your business. In this introduction, Ashton takes us on a walk into what ToC is.


What Is the Theory of Constraints?

The idea behind TOC is a bit counter to the way most of us look at business. Yet it is something that can truly help break through many of the challenges that businesses face every day.

There is real theory behind the idea and has a proven method that enables rapid growth whilst at the same time helping to stabilise your business.

A Dynamic Management Methodology

It is a management methodology strongly based on scientific thought and research. It has a series of applications ranging from production management to product management, to strategy development & execution, supply chain management, financial management.

Ultimately it impacts every part of your business and integrates well with existing methodologies. This includes Lean, Six Sigma, Total Quality Management, Agile, Scrum. It helps improve the effectiveness of these methods by creating a massive amount of focus.

In this podcast, we dig into the idea of ToC, where it comes from, the type of applications that you can use it for. And really why it is so powerful!

Business Relearnt – Learn To Unlearn, Relearn.

Fast constant change demands that we keep looking at how we do things and to keep learning new ways to solve our customer’s problems. What business relearnt series provides you with approaches and methodologies to help you do that.

The Full Business Relearnt TOC Series – Broken Down?

TOC offers you many opportunities to look at doing things in a different way. Ashton breaks down how you can do this in this series. Here are the topics around the theory of constraints that we will cover:

  1. Why you cannot ignore TOC
  2. The surprising inverse relationship between the number of improvements and actual improvement
  3. Are you spending too much money for increased capacity
  4. The costly mistake of elevating your constraint first
  5. Design for Delegation – Three levels of work
  6. Planning too much is planning to fail
  7. You don’t want project management – You just want to get your projects done!
  8. Theory of Constraints and Employee Engagement
  9. Turning the layers of resistance into moments of agreement

Who Is Ashton Fourie:

Ashton is a proven growth strategist and looks at building sustained success in tough economic climates.

He is the CEO of 5-2-50 (pronounced Five To Fifty). This is a South African based company with a vision to eradicate poverty through ensuring that there is a good job available to every woman and man on earth who is able and willing to work.

5-2-50 help’s their clients formulate a clear vision and strategy to grow up to ten times in size in a period of no more than five years. Their toolset is a combination of Theory of Constraints, Lean and Agile interventions, combined with their strategic management methodology that has been tested in the local and international market.

You can find Ashton on Linkedin and Twitter

T:WTF 019 – Joel Stransky on how AI is Redefining Recruitment

The Future of Work is a massive topic. Twitter abounds with crazy stats where about 45% of all jobs will be lost in the next 10 years. Who knows what the real number is and what the full impact will be thanks to the Gig Economy. But what happens when you put AI and Recruitment together? How will that disrupt things? 


Pivotal Capital Disrupting AI and Recruitment

But to get a better idea we spoke to Joel Stransky from Pivotal Talent (part of the Pivotal Group) about how they are redefining the recruitment industry using AI and recruitment!
 
What Joel and the team are doing is really helping companies pair up the right employees for the right jobs – and that is a good thing, right!
 
As an employer, you want to know that the person who you are employing is the best possible fit for the job. That they are competent, they have the capacity and the ability to grow into the job.
 

Happy Employees Is Profitable for a Business

As an employee, you want to know that you are being hired for the best job fit possible. Happiness is important, which is often defined by a job. It’s implied meaning and doing tasks within your abilities. Also that you have the capability to grow into.
 
AI allows this all to happen. This is early days for Joel and the team and the future looks very exciting.
 
What I find interesting is that this is redefining how recruitment is being done but it also creates a huge amount of efficiencies that a human cannot do. And this is a good thing.
 

Thanks for Listening!

To share your thoughts
If you loved the show, please give us a shout out on Twitter, Facebook or Instagram.

To help out the show:
Leave an honest review on iTunes. Your ratings and reviews really help and we read each one.

You can also subscribe on iTunes.

T:WTF 017 – Nomad Now and The World of Freelancing

What do you do when you run a successful permanent staff recruitment that does not place freelancers? Well, you go digital and launch a Freelance Portal called Nomad Now. You connect your traditional customers with thousands of highly qualified freelancers.

And you then throw so much value at the equation that it is a no-brainer for both parties to jump in and use the platform.

This is what Ross Paton, founder, and CEO of Paton Personal did, with his Nomad Now co-founder Christel Bezou.


The Power of Freelance Platforms

Nomad Now real power lies in connecting people quickly and cheaply to solve real problems.

From a clients perspective, they are able to log in and find qualified freelancers. These are people who the necessary experience to get things done and to support the business.

The freelancer gets the benefit of simplification, no procurement process, and complex administration issues. They also get to focus more time on paid work. Ross says that they have currently in excess of 1600 freelancers. Clearly, the value is seen by freelancers.

The idea is still very new for many clients. To help drive this, Ross and the team are pushing very hard on educating their clients.

Sexy Front End – Heavy Duty Backend

What Ross and Hugo do share with us is hard work that has gone into the back end of the platform. A sexy front end is pretty useless without a strong, functional engine. Nomad Now is built with a very strong backend. It is key to connect the right freelancer to the right client. This is why a very strong search function has been built into the back end.

Its all about Freelancer Trust

The key to Nomad Now’s success of this is Trust. The client needs to know that the freelancer can delivery on whats required and promised. The Freelancer also need to trust that client will be fair, pay on time and not move the goal posts and scope creep (which always seems to happen!).

Built within the platform is the rating system. Both parties are rated. And its important as both parties need to have confidence in each other and to trust the mechanics.

The Collaboration of Freelancers

Ross and Hugo also explained the power of the Nomad Now freelancer team. So, let’s say that I am a freelancer specialising in digital strategy. I can now pull together a virtual team that will allow me to deliver on the bigger project. I can get a project manager, a web designer, a social media specialist, a content expert and so on. Each team member is on the platform but we operate as a unit.

It’s an interesting idea and it will be worth seeing how it develops.

The Future is Freelance

The Nomad Now platform offers the best of both worlds. It is disrupting a traditional business and redefining the recruitment industry.

For more info on the platform, please go visit the website at Nomad Now.

Thanks for Listening!

To share your thoughts
If you loved the show, please give us a shout out on Twitter, Facebook or Instagram.

To help out the show:
Leave an honest review on iTunes. Your ratings and reviews really help and we read each one.

You can also subscribe on iTunes.

T:WTF 016 – Ripples CTO, Stefan Thomas on Ripple and the Internet of Value

Stefan Thomas is the CTO of Ripple. In this podcast we deep dive into what Ripple is, the pain that they are solving and their focus on the Internet of Value through Interledger.


The Pain That Ripple is Solving

In his words here is what Ripple is all about:

When you send money or move money around the world these days wire you have no idea what happened to it. You have no visibility of it and it costs a lot. A LOT!

Ripple set out to fix this problem.

Ripple’s focus is on transparency, lowering the cost, and increasing the speed of transfer. In more practical terms, what Ripple is doing it to make sending money around a lot less of a headache!

Banks, Blockchain and What It All Means

Of course, you cannot talk about money without talking about banks. Stefan gave some great insights into why banks are looking at the blockchain as a solution.

Alternative financial services are potentially a banks biggest challenge. These startups have no baggage. They are super agile and free of bad ways of doing things. They create cultures that designed to capture a banks customers.

To help solve this challenge Ripple has created an alternative banking technology. It can help a bank create a better customer experience and stay ahead of the unseen competition.

Disruption of the Old. Welcome the New

Of course, no conversation is complete without talking about disruption. Andrew Keys Podcast digs nicely into this. But back to Stefan!

The internet as we know it exploded thanks to Interoperability.

One of the payments world bigger limitations is the lack of interoperability. This changes when I can move money between different format and system. Everything opens up and get redefined.

Defining Ripple

Released Ripple in 2012. Ripple’s goal is to enable “secure, instantly and nearly free global financial transactions. Irrespective of any size and no chargebacks.

Ripple supports tokens representing fiat currency, cryptocurrency, commodity or any other unit of value. A good example can include frequent flier miles or mobile minutes.

Ripple core is based on a shared and public database or ledger. This uses a consensus process that allows for payments, exchanges, and remittance in a distributed process.

Getting Into The Payments World

Stefan shares his motivation to fix a very broken payment system. As he points out – it was a seemingly impossible problem for one person to fix. The release of Bitcoin changed that. The door opened where individuals could have a massive impact. This lead Stefan to Ripple.

Africa integration into Ripple

Ripple has a very strong Asia Middle East and has yet to penetrate into Africa. Stefan makes the point that Africa is a very different market. You don’t go blindly into a new market. To penetrate the African market you need to build a presence here with local insights.

There is a way to go. But we have no doubt that with the with speed the world is moving at this won’t take long.

Interoperability, Interledger and The Internet of Value

TheInterledger conversation got us very excited.

Interledger is about move value around. It is currently working to create a generic protocol so you can move money without any pain or hassle.

But the next step is moving value around. This will allow you to convert one thing of value to another. You will be able to build any kind of app that relies on moving value on top of this protocol. Stefan calls this exchange of value “the internet of value”.

The difference to Ripple goal, to be a global settlement network. A platform to allow anyone to transfer money in any currency to any currency in a matter of seconds.

We dig deep into the world of Micro-payments and building an internet of value.

Enjoy

 

The Blockchain Africa Conference

Blockchain Africa Conference
Blockchain Africa Conference

The WTF #ThinkDigital Podcast spent two days interviewing many of the groundbreaking speakers at the Blockchain Africa Conference (#BAC18). The big topic was inter-operability and how the blockchain is maturing.

T:WTF 015 – Why Self Sovereign Identity Is The Real Game Changer

All the people that Pelle Braendgaard talks shit about are now contacting him! This gave us a good laugh but there is a very good reason why. Its called Self Sovereign identity.

Pelle is a Dane, living in Nicaragua, where he is heading up the Consensys office. He is busy working on building uPort a decentralized identity platform at ConsenSys

uPort is an Open Identity System for the Decentralized Web. And this is a very big deal.

Andrew Keys talks about 3 foundational aspects of his podcast. Self Sovereign Identity is the first of those 3 aspects. If you have not heard it – go here: Why The Blockchain Will Disrupt Everything.


So Why Is Self Sovereign Identity So Important?

The word Sovereign means that you have an identity that you are in charge of. You are you and no one else can be you. We have all heard the horror stories about identity fraud!

U-Port is a new kind of identity system where they are trying to go back and like look at what identity and how you turn it into Self Sovereign Identity. This is something that should be under your control.

In traditional Identity systems, this has been under a 3rd part control. As an example, the government will issue you with an ID card.

Yet this is not the big issue about identity. The big issue is about the claims made against an Identity. It is very easy for me to make claims about you, and, you for me. This has a huge impact on how we live, work and play, every day! Self Sovereign Identity starts to solve this problem.

The Banks Dark Net

Another area that Pelle spoke to us about is the Dark Net of Banks.

Banks run international networks like Swift, MasterCard, Visa and so on. They work by having an identity system on top of it and acts as an access control layer.

No-one really knows what actually happens inside there, which is why Pelle calls it the real darknet. It is not transparent, and control sits with these identity silos.

Pelle goes into great detail around this issue and what these silos are and how they operate in the podcasts.

A Decentralised Self Sovereign Identity

Pelle is working with the decentralized identity Foundation. They are busy finalising the standard for a decentralised ID. A kind of DNS for your DNA! Or in blockchain terms – a hash of your DNA! As you listen to Pelle, you will see this is early days for Self Sovereign Identity.

Applications That Are Solvable With U-Port

The potential solutions that come from Self Sovereign Identity are massive. The belief is that apps are going to be more and more important for doing real transactions. This is one of the first problems U-Port is working on.

The identity system will work with Ethereum. They will enable Etherium apps to use the identity infrastructure. Yet, all the actual storage of identity data is off-chain.

U-Port will get the information that will be the signature of statements that you make. Or that other people make about you.

This opens up your personal reputation management based on what you do. As Brett says, your reputation is your brand’s identity.

At the moment you get a very one-sided framework through the current silos. Take a bank as an example. They are picking what they track and they will be missing most of the relevant info that could is traceable.

The Financial Markets

Taking the idea of the bank as a silo. What happens if we open up the idea of Self Sovereign Identity into the financial markets.

You can change everything. your ability to get a loan or financial service gets redefined. Imagine tracking the full spectrum of an identity that’s linked to reputation.

The world of Privacy and The Monetisation of You!

Facebook takes your data and monetises it. It’s a real and massive issue. Stop and think about it.

Facebook is making billions of dollars off their community. Yet they giving nothing back to anyone!

Imagine if I could choose to allow a platform, like Facebook, access to my data. I can start monetising my own wants, needs, and preferences. Given that in many countries people live off a $1 a day, this has a huge impact.

The Self Sovereign Identity Rabbit Hole

In this podcast, we chatted about the different application. The more you look at this, the bigger you realise the need for Self Sovereign Identity is. The application is broad: Real-time voting; land management; the daily management of our taxes etc.

Go listen – it’s quite disruptive thinking!

More About Pelle Braendgaard

Pelle Braendgaard is the Engineering Lead at uPort with more than 20 years experience working with internet technologies in Europe, the US and Latin America. He has worked with a diverse group of services from being Alta Vista’s first web master to investment banking in Deutsche Bank, consumer banking in BRF Kredit to developing secure communication platforms for doctors at Doximity. As an entrepreneur he has worked in early crypto currency startups CorpFlow in the Caribbean and Verax Pay in Latin America. Previously working on bringing Bitcoin to consumers and merchants in Africa with Kipochi.

Pelle’s presentation at the blockchain conference he looked at uPort as a decentralised digital identity system. With it people control and own their own identities, interact with blockchain applications and share only what they want.

The platform is designed in an open way, that allows communities around the world to use it to model and define what an identity means to them.

The Blockchain Africa Conference

Blockchain Africa Conference
Blockchain Africa Conference

The WTF #ThinkDigital Podcast spent two days interviewing many of the groundbreaking speakers at the Blockchain Africa Conference (#BAC18). The big topic was inter-operability and how the blockchain is maturing.

T:WTF 014 – Sonya Kuhnel talks to us about Blockchain Africa Conference

The Blockchain Africa conference would not happen without the motivation and effort of Sonya Kuhnel!

In this podcast, we have a chat to Sonya how she got into the blockchain, and how she set up the Blockchain Africa Conference.


We talk about its growth, where it has come from and what lies ahead.

We also want to say a big thanks to Sonya for having the WTF team. We appreciate the access to a bunch of crazy, amazing, passionate people who are changing the world. We walked away from the experience inspired and enthusiastic about the future of blockchain.

The Blockchain Academy

The Blockchain Africa Conference is supported by The Blockchain Academy. If you want to learn how to build and apply the blockchain, please go and have a look at their website: http://blockchainacademy.co.za/.

T:WTF 013 – Elizabeth Rossiello and The BitPesa Hustle

Elizabeth is the Founder and Ceo and BitPesa. And the one message that came through found and clear was Hustle.
 


Building a blockchain based business does not have a business model. It’s new and groundbreaking. And you have to break down new doors and new ways of doing things.
 
Elizabeth deep fives into BitPesa. She gave us a great overview of the challenges that she faced getting Bitpesa going. She also talks to us about where she is taking the business.

But What Is BitPesa?

BitPesa is a Foreign Exchange and Payment platform. They focus on what’s known as a Frontier Market.
 
A Frontier Market is a type of developing country. It that’s more developed than the least developing countries. But is too small to be generally considered an emerging market.
 
BitPesa was the first company in the world to connect bitcoin to mobile money. This happened in 2013, originally in Kenya. In 2015 BitPesa received a license from the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority. They now facilitate payments directly into G20 currencies.
 
This kind of growth requires hustle, hard work, clear focus and an amazing team that makes this happen.

The problem that BitPesa is Solving

Trading in African currencies makes it difficult to do business in Africa. BitPessa is a B2B platform and they offer a hybrid model of traditional and crypto- trading. They focus on making it a lot easier to do business in African currencies by increasing liquidity and reducing the cost.
 
This allows businesses to take control of their payments at a lower cost and greater speed. This includes paying staff, to suppliers or service providers or to collect monies from African customers.

T:WTF 012 – Marvin Colby talks about Social Impact & the blockchain

Marvin Coleby is an advocate for blockchain’s potential in emerging markets. He is building the first tokenised impact exchange (A blockchain  impact investment solution). The idea is to democratise private investments in emerging market companies. His core focus is on Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean.

We loved this conversation. Marvin shared a balanced and honest of view of where the blockchain is now. We looked at where the blockchain is going, and what the current challenges are. In the context that the blockchain will disrupt everything – this was important!

Given the huge excitement and obvious potential, Blockchain is still a new technology. We have a long way to go with it. It is something that we are still experimenting with it and we have a long way to go.


Blockchain: Efficiency vs Trust and Value

Efficiency vs trust and value are two ways to look at what Blockchain technology can give us.

Efficiency works in a system where trust already exists. This could be in the financial markets and governmental operations. A country like Sweden would be a good example.

Yet, when people do not trust the current conditions, the blockchain offers a solution. South Africa is a great example of this.

This becomes important given the value of decentralisation offers. The efficiency and trust a blockchain can create a more fair, equal society. Marvin also explains this in the context of Tokens, smart contract, and digital assets.

Whats Marvin Doing In South Africa?

Marvin is building the blockchain solution for impact investing. He wants to make it easy for people to invest to create impact. His vision is to create a world, where people are economically incentivize to achieve as much impact as possible.

Marvin believes that there’s a shift in the world happening. We are moving away from prioritising profit to more responsible practices. We also see consumers are demanding more accountability and the way we need to do things is evolving.

Impact investing provides a set of smart contracts that executes investment terms. This will be between an investment fund or investor and based on verifiable data. But this is not only about the investor. It is about internal performance and the way we measure and incentivize teams to perform.

Blockchain and IoT

Marvin makes the point that Blockchain is useless without IoT. IoT provides many of the data points that will verify and execute the smart contract. This is an important point and will be massive going forward.

Marvin also point out the 3 blockchain Waves as:

  1. Bitcoin was the first
  2. Etherium the second
  3. The third will be IoT blockchain based solutions.

Marvin goes into detail how these smart contracts work. He points out the value that they create and why they are so powerful. We used tax and the role of the taxpayer as an example.

Blockchains are Digitising Human Behavior

Marvin makes the fascinating point. Blockchains are the digitisation of human behavior. It provide’s the framework on how you build networks in a digital economy?

At the moment we are making a lot of assumptions. The hypothesis is that we will behave the same way in a digital economy as we do in a non-digital economy.

But we know this is not true. Humans are not robots. We don’t all respond to the same stimuli in the same way. You cannot predict how people from different cultures, countries, environments will behave.

We also talk the role of private and public blockchains, and the role decentralisation and the security behind both. We look at what tokens means and dig into the world of ICO’s. And the challenge of scale.

Marvin Background

He co-founded a blockchain venture studio. They led research and development initiatives for blockchain innovation. The focus was on emerging markets in real estate, capital markets and governance.

Prior to this, Marvin worked as a lawyer. He was part of the Venture Technology and Emerging Growth Companies group of Dentons. Dentons is the largest international law firm in the world.

Marvin also worked at the United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization. He consults to governments on innovation strategies. He is an advocate for blockchain’s potential to create social impact.

Background noise

Apologies for a bit of background noise at the backend of the conversation. The caterers got excited about swapping out morning tea for lunch.

The Blockchain Africa Conference

Blockchain Africa Conference
Blockchain Africa Conference

The WTF #ThinkDigital Podcast spent two days interviewing many of the groundbreaking speakers at the Blockchain Africa Conference (#BAC18). The big topic was inter-operability and how the blockchain is maturing.